Visit the Egyptian Museum, the world’s largest repository of more than 165,000 age-old Egyptian artifacts. Knowing where to start can be daunting, so let your guide introduce you to the highlights, including the star attraction: the treasures of Tutankhamun.
View the Tutankhamun exhibits, an array of antiquities (his spectacular, solid gold death mask, six gilded coffins, chariot, golden throne and funerary treasures) from the reign of the boy Pharaoh and famed ruler, and learn about his short and troubled reign.
Explore masterpieces of the ancient Egyptian civilization as your guide recounts their history, and view age-old mummies of Egypt’s Kings, the ancient mummified animals and the pyramids’ builder’s statues. The museum also houses near-countless other treasures including tombs, funerary paintings, jewelry and mummies from the prehistoric Egyptian period through to the Roman era. In addition to other prize exhibits, such as Pharaonic sarcophagi and everyday objects.
If you wish, visit the Royal Mummies Room (additional cost), another museum showpiece. Enter this climate-controlled room to view the mummies of Egyptian rulers such as Ramses II, builder of the Luxor’s Karnak Temple. After introducing you to the main attractions, your guide will give you free time to explore further, at your leisure.
Next step will be the citadel of Saladin (dating back to 12th century) that was built by the Sultan to protect Cairo against potential crusades and remained the residence of the ruler of Egypt till the middle of the 19th century.
Inside the citadel you will see the Alabaster Mosque of Mohammed Aly (19th century) representing the Ottoman style of architecture and widely recognized as the most important mosques in Cairo, the Mosque of Ibn Qalaoun (14th century) representing the Mameluk style of architecture, and the panorama area for a wonderful view of Islamic Cairo.
Next, visit the Bazaar of Khan el-Khalili , an Arab souk, or marketplace with oriental markets of almost everything, enjoy some shopping, and take in the views of the mosques of Al-Azhar and Al-Husein. Meander through the bustling lanes and perhaps haggle for goodies such as gold, rugs, spices and other wares.
Learn how this famous market may have inspired Christopher Columbus to set sail in search of America and comb through stalls selling handmade crafts, paper products and other local goods while you test your bargaining skills.
Lastly, your guide will transfer you back to your hotel.